Crochet (English: /kroʊˈʃeɪ/;[1] French: [kʁɔʃɛ] is a process of creating fabric by interlocking loops of yarn, thread, or strands of other materials using a crochet hook. The name is derived from the French term crochet, meaning ‘small hook’. These are made of materials such as metal, wood, or plastic and are manufactured commercially and produced in artisan workshops. The salient difference between crochet and knitting, beyond the implements used for their production, is that each stitch in crochet is completed before the next one is begun, while knitting keeps many stitches open at a time. (Variant forms such as Tunisian crochet and broomstick lace keep multiple crochet stitches open at a time.)-Wikipedia

The word crochet is drawn from the French word ‘croche’ which indicates ‘to hook.’ which is a reference to the only tool you’ll need to work with besides your yarn. By using your hook and your yarn, you can work in rows or in rounds to work up a variety of items, from scarves and hats to blankets, cardigans, socks, and purses. In the early 16th century, readying in this craft is an impression of being a well-bred and high society woman. Crocheting was extremely restricted to the abundant ladies, while those with limited financial capabilities had to compete with knitting.
Once crochet reached Europe, we know that in the 1700s and was known as “tambouring,” from the French word for drum.

Tambouring bears a strong resemblance to needlework and embroidery… but with crochet stitches. To work in a tambour style, you would take a background fabric and stretch it across a frame and keep your working thread underneath that fabric. A very thin needle with a hook is inserted down through the fabric, and a loop of the thread, also very thin, is then drawn up. Keeping the loop on the hook, the hook is then inserted a little farther down into the fabric, and another loop of thread is drawn up and worked through that first loop to form a chain stitch.

By the end of the 18th century, tambour crochet evolved into a style where the background fabric was no longer needed and the stitching was worked on its own. Still using the tambour-style hook, it became known as, according to the French, “crochet in the air.”
It was only in the 1840’s when crocheting ended up being popular. The ability is passed on from one generation to the next within households.
The patterns then were merely taken into a picture and one needs to work and determine how to go around with the details. In some instances, there will be a quick description for the complex areas.
After The Second World War, from the late 1940s until the early 1960s, there was a resurgence in interest in home crafts, particularly in the United States, with lots of new and creative crochet styles published for vibrant doilies, pot holders, and other home products. Crochet remained primarily a housewife’s art until the late 1960s and early 1970s, when the new generation detected crochet and promoted granny squares, a theme worked in the round and incorporating brilliant colors.
Crochet underwent a subsequent decline in popularity till the end of the 80s and 90s. However, the early 21st century has seen a revival of interest in hand-made and do-it-yourself, as well as excellent strides in improvement of the quality and varieties of yarn.
Today, after a long period of decline, crochet is seeing a revival in both interest and quality of materials. It’s now easier than ever to learn how to crochet as a beginner and to learn any type of technique you want. You can easily buy yarn of all fiber types at the store or online for quick and easy delivery.

These days, the nuns of yesteryear would be laughing at us. Our skill level is fabulous by today’s standards but would be considered primary school levels. With automation and cheap imports of products, crochet of today has become something where fewer people desire to learn because they don’t need to.

Gone is the era where you would make socks because you couldn’t afford to buy another pair. Memories of making that custom made afghan for your couch when society is perfectly contented in purchasing something mass-produced.

Very few people at home can make a crochet item and be compensated properly for the materials and time if they were to sell it. With automation has come “instant gratification”. See Now… Want Now… many people lack the desire to sit and take a few weeks or months to complete something completely original just for themselves.
In today’s society, the most popular patterns are simple afghans, baby clothes, scarves, and socks. Usually made from thick materials such as 4 ply worsted yarns. I would conclude that to be contributed to lack of time and wanting to get projects quickly done due to either a lack of patience or the speed at which today’s society flows. The sizes of yarn today makes for the projects to grow extremely faster. Crochet today is seeing another revival in today’s DIY culture. It’s easier than ever to learn how to crochet and to purchase many different yarn and hooks.

Ref: http://crochetidea.com/all-about-crochet/ & https://www.allfreecrochet.com/Basics/The-History-of-Crochet

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